Inorganic Chemistry

Thermal Stability and Decomposition Pathways in Volatile Molybdenum(VI) Bis-Imides



The vapor deposition of many molybdenum-containing films relies on the delivery of volatile compounds with the general bis(tert-butylimido)molybdenum(VI) framework, both in atomic layer deposition and chemical vapor deposition. We have prepared a series of (tBuN)2MoCl2 adducts using neutral N,N’-chelates and investigated their volatility, thermal stability, and decomposition pathways. Volatility has been determined by thermogravimetric analysis, with the 1,4-di-tert-butyl-1,3-diazabutadiene adduct (5) found to be the most volatile (1 Torr of vapor pressure at 135 ºC). Thermal stability was measured primarily using differential scanning calorimetry, and the 1,10-phenanthroline adduct (4) was found to be the most stable, with an onset of decomposition of 303 ºC. We have also investigated molybdenum compounds with other alkyl-substituted imido groups: these compounds all follow a similar decomposition pathway, γ-H activation, with varying reaction barriers. The tert-pentyl, 1-adamantyl, and a cyclic imido (from 2,5-dimethylhexane-2,5-diamine) were systematically studied to probe the kinetics of this pathway. All of these compounds have been fully characterized, including via single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and a total of 19 unique structures are reported.


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Supplementary material

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Supporting Information
Synthesis of reagents, supplemental experiments, TGA plots, DSC curves, vapor pressure estimates, additional crystallographic details and images, NMR and IR spectra.