Design of Multicomponent Alloys with Single C14 Laves Phase for Hydrogen Storage assisted by Computational Thermodynamic

06 December 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Design methods with predictive properties modelling are paramount tools to explore the vast compositional field of multicomponent alloys. The applicability of an alloy as a hydrogen storage media is governed by its pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) diagram. Therefore, the prediction of PCT diagrams for multicomponent alloys is fundamental to design alloys with optimized properties for hydrogen storage applications. In this work, a strategy to design single C14-type Laves phase multicomponent alloys for hydrogen storage assisted by computational thermodynamic is presented. Since electronic and geometrical factors play an important role in the formation and stability of multicomponent Laves phase, valence electron concentration (VEC), atomic radius ratio (r_A/r_B), and atomic size mismatch (δ) are initially considered to screen a high number of compositions and find alloy systems prone to form Laves phase structure. Then, CALPHAD method was employed to find 142 alloys of the (Ti, Zr or Nb)(Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, or Zn)2 system predicted to crystallize as single C14 Laves phase structure. In addition, we present a thermodynamic model to calculate PCT diagrams of C14 Laves phase alloys based solely on the alloy’s composition. In this work, the entropy and enthalpy of hydrogen solution in the C14 Laves phase were modelled considering that hydrogen solid solution occurs only at the A2B2-type interstitial sites of the C14 Laves phase structure. Experimental pressure-composition-isotherm (PCI) diagrams of six C14 Laves phase alloys were compared against the calculated ones resulting in a good prediction capability. Therefore, the room temperature PCI diagrams of 142 single C14 Laves phase multicomponent alloys were calculated. The results show that single C14 Laves phase multicomponent alloys within a wide range of equilibrium pressure at room temperature can be obtained, being promising candidates for different hydrogen storage applications, such as room temperature tanks, hybrid tanks and Ni-metal hydrides batteries.


Multicomponent alloys
Hydrogen storage
C14 Laves phase
Computational Thermodynamics
Thermodynamic model

Supplementary materials

Supplementary data file
Supplementary data file.


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.