The development of high efficiency, excellent selectivity, and super activity metal catalyst for chemical selective hydrogenation of alkynes to olefin is of great significance in the field of the chemical industry. At the same time, the development of a large number of available base metal catalysts for organic conversion remains an important objective of chemical research. Herein, we report a facile preparation of a simple, high catalytic activity, environmentally friendly, and inexpensive biomass carbon material supported nano-nickel catalyst from lignin residue. The entire preparation process of the catalyst is simple, reliable, economical, and environmentally friendly, which provides a potential utilization prospect for large-scale industrial applications of biomass-based carbon material catalysts. Biomass-based lignin residues can not only reduce the high oxidation state of nickel ions into nickel nanoparticles by the in-situ reducing gas generated during the calcination process, but the mesoporous structure of lignin residue also promotes the adsorption of nickel metal, which greatly improved the catalytic activity of biomass-based Ni-based catalysts. The simple synthetic green, cost-effective and sustainable biomass-based Ni-based catalyst shows good performance in the selective hydrogenation of phenylacetylene, reaching 97.2% conversion and 84.3% styrene selectivity, respectively.
Facile synthesis of biomass-based carbon materials nano-Ni-based catalysts and its application in selective hydrogenation of alkynes