The phase separation between a liquid amine and the solid carbamic acid exhibited >99% CO2 removal efficiency under a large-scale gas stream of 400 ppm CO2. Isophorone diamine [IPDA; 3-(aminomethyl)-3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexylamine] reacted with CO2 in the CO2/IPDA molar ratio of ≥ 1 even in H2O as a solvent. The captured CO2 was completely desorbed at 333 K because the disolved carbamate ion releases CO2 at low temperature. The reusability of IPDA under CO2 adsorption-and-desorption cycles without degradation, the >95% efficinecy kept for 100 hours under direct air capture condition, and high CO2 capture rate (214 mmol/h for 1 mol amine) suggest that the phase separation system using IPDA is robust and durable for practical use.
Supporting Information Video S1