Catalysis

Confronting the Challenging Asymmetric Addition of Vinyl Arene Pronucleophiles into Ketones: Ligand-Controlled Regiodivergent Processes Through a Dearomatized Allyl-Cu Species

Authors

Abstract

The selective reductive coupling of vinyl arenes and ketones represents a versatile approach for the rapid construction of enantiomerically enriched tertiary alcohols. Herein, we demonstrate a CuH-catalyzed regiodivergent coupling of vinyl arenes and ketones, in which the selectivity is controlled by the ancillary ligand. This approach leverages an in situ generated benzyl- or dearomatized allyl-Cu intermediate, yielding either the dearomatized or exocyclic addition products, respectively. The method exhibits excellent regio-, diastereo- and enantioselectivity, and tolerates a range of common functional groups and heterocycles. Computational studies suggest that the regio- and enantioselectivity are controlled by the ancillary ligand, while the diastereoselectivity is enforced by steric interactions between the alkyl-Cu intermediate and ketone substrates in a six-membered cyclic transition state.

Content

Thumbnail image of 2_Ketone_heteroarene_coupling_MS.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of 3_Ketone_heteroarene_coupling_SI.pdf
Supporting Information
Experimental procedures and characterization data for all new compounds, including NMR spectra, SFC, and X-ray crystallographic information, computational details, and Cartesian coordinates of all computed structures (PDF)