Aluminum Foil Anodes for Li-ion Rechargeable Batteries: The Role of Li Solubility within β-LiAl

22 October 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Li-ion battery (LIB) electrodes contain a substantial amount of electrochemically inactive materials, including binder, conductive agent, and current collectors. These extra components significantly dilute the specific capacity of whole electrodes, and thus have led to efforts to utilize foils, e.g., Al, as the sole anode material. Interestingly, the literature has many reports of fast degradation of Al electrodes, where less than a dozen cycles can be achieved. However, in some studies, Al anodes demonstrate stable cycling life with several hundred cycles. In this work, we present a successful pathway for enabling long-term cycling of simple Al foil anodes: β-LiAl phase grown from Al foil (α-Al) exhibits a cycling life of 500 cycles with a ~96% capacity retention when paired with a commercial cathode. The excellent performance stems from strategic utilization of the Li solubility range of β-LiAl that can be (de-)lithiated without altering its crystal structure. This solubility range at room temperature is determined to be ~6 at%. Consequently, this design circumvents the critical issues associated with the α/β/α phase transformations, such as volume change, mechanical strain, and nanopore formation. Application-wise, the maturity of aluminum industry, combined with excellent sustainability prospects, makes this anode an important option for future devices.


lithium-ion battery
solid-state anode
aluminum foil
solubility range

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Supporting Information of Aluminum Foil Anodes for Li-ion Rechargeable Batteries: The Role of Li Solubility within β-LiAl


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.