Improved syntheses of halogenated benzene-1,2,3,4-tetracarboxylic diimides

22 October 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The preparation of halogenated benzene-1,2,3,4-tetracarboxylic diimide derivatives is challenging because of the possibility of competitive incorrect cyclizations and SNAr reactivity. Here, we demonstrate that the direct reaction of benzene-1,2,3,4-tetracarboxylic acids with primary amines in acetic acid solvent successfully provides a range of desirable ortho-diimide products in good yields. Furthermore, we demonstrate that sterically challenging N-derivatizations can be readily achieved under microwave reactor conditions, and that SNAr reactivity is only observed when excess amine is used. The halogenated diimides described here are attractive building blocks for organic materials chemistry.


electron acceptors
mellophanic diimide


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