Physical Chemistry

Revealing the contest between triplet-triplet exchange and triplet-triplet energy transfer coupling in correlated triplet pair states in singlet fission

Authors

Abstract

Understanding the separation of the correlated triplet pair state 1(TT) intermediate is critical for leveraging singlet fission to improve solar cell efficiency. This separation mechanism is dominated by two key interactions: (i) the exchange interaction (K) between the triplets which leads to the spin splitting of the biexciton state into 1(TT),3(TT) and 5(TT) states, and (ii) the triplet-triplet energy transfer integral (t) which enables the formation of the spatially separated (but still spin entangled) state 1(T...T). We develop a simple ab initio technique to compute both the biexciton exchange (K) and biexciton transfer coupling. Our key findings reveal new conditions for successful correlated triplet pair state dissociation. The biexciton exchange interaction needs to be ferromagnetic or negligible to the triplet energy transfer for favourable dissociation. We also explore the effect of chromophore packing to reveal geometries where these conditions are achieved for tetracene.

Version notes

Improved discussion of the material. Moved discussion of Fig 5 into main text.

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