Stability of oxidized states of ceria-supported PtOx particles under a wide range of gas-phase conditions

19 October 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Nanostructured materials based on non-inert oxides CeO2 and PtyOx play a fundamental role in catalyst design. However, their characterization is often challenging due to their structural complexity and the tendency of the materials to change under reaction conditions. In this work, we combine calculations based on the density functional theory, a machine-learning assisted global optimization method (GOFEE) and ab initio thermodynamics to characterize stable oxidation states of ceria-supported PtyOx clusters in different environments. The collection of global minima for different stoichiometries resulting from the global optimisation effort is used to assess the effect of temperature, oxygen pressure, and support interactions on the phase diagrams, oxidation states, and structural properties of the PtyOx particles. We thus identify favoured structural motifs and O/Pt ratios, revealing that oxidized states of ceria-supported particles are more stable than reduced ones under a wide range of conditions. These results indicate that studies rationalizing activity of ceria-supported Pt clusters must consider such oxidized states, and that previous understanding of such materials obtained only with fully reduced Pt clusters may be incomplete.


Ab initio thermodynamics
Phase Diagrams


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