Targeted Activation in Localized Protein Environments via Deep Red Photoredox Catalysis

04 October 2021, Version 1


State-of-the art photoactivation strategies in chemical biology provide spatiotemporal control and visualization of biological processes. However, using high energy light (λ < 500 nm) for substrate or photocatalyst sensitization can lead to background activation of photoactive small molecule probes and reduce its efficacy in complex biological environments. Here we describe the development of targeted aryl azide activation via deep red light (λ = 660 nm) photoredox catalysis and its use in photocatalyzed proximity labeling. We demonstrate that aryl azides are converted to triplet nitrenes via a novel redox-centric mechanism and show that its spatially localized-formation requires both red light and a photocatalyst-targeting modality. This technology was applied in different colon cancer cell systems for targeted protein environment labeling of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). We identified a small subset of proteins with previously known and unknown association to EpCAM, including CDH3, a clinically relevant protein that shares high tumor selective expression with EpCAM.


Supplementary materials

Supplemental Information
Supplemental Information for Targeted Activation in Localized Protein Environments via Deep Red Photoredox Catalysis
Computational Models
Pymol files for Computationally-generated Structures


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