The Aryne Phosphate Reaction

28 September 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Condensed phosphates are a critically important class of molecules in biochemistry, with a myriad of derived structures being known. Moreover, non-natural analogues are important for various applications, such as single molecule real time DNA sequencing. Often, such analogues contain more than three phosphate units in their oligophosphate chain. Consequently, investigations into phosphate reactivity enabling new ways of phosphate functionalization and oligophosphorylation are an essential endeavour in the field. Here, we scrutinize the potential of phosphates to act as arynophiles, paving the way for follow-up oligophosphorylation reactions. The aryne phosphate reaction is a powerful tool to – depending on the perspective – (oligo)phosphorylate arenes or arylate (oligo-cyclo)phosphates. Based on Kobayashi-type o-silylaryltriflates, the aryne phosphate reaction enables rapid entry into a broad spectrum of arylated products, like monophosphates, diphosphates, phosphodiesters and polyphosphates. The synthetic potential of these new transformations is demonstrated by efficient syntheses of nucleotide analogues and an unprecedented one-flask octaphosphorylation.


Aryne Chemistry

Supplementary materials

SI Aryne Phosphate Reaction
Experimental Procedures and Analytics


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