On the Use of Real-World Datasets for Reaction Yield Prediction



The lack of publicly available, large, and unbiased datasets is a key bottleneck for the application of machine learning (ML) methods in synthetic chemistry. Data from electronic laboratory notebooks (ELNs) could provide less biased, large datasets, but no such datasets have been made publicly available. The first real-world dataset from the ELNs of a large pharmaceutical company is disclosed and its relationship to high-throughput experimentation (HTE) datasets is described. For chemical yield predictions, a key task in chemical synthesis, an attributed graph neural network (AGNN) performs as good or better than the best previous models on two HTE datasets for the Suzuki and Buchwald-Hartwig reactions. However, training of the AGNN on the ELN dataset does not lead to a predictive model. The implications of using ELN data for training ML-based models are discussed in the context of yield predictions.

Version notes

Results are updated and new figures added in this version. Material and methods are elaborated in more detail, and introduction and discussion are updated as well.