Organic Chemistry

Reactant-Induced Photoactivation of a Gold-Catalyzed Csp2-Csp Cross-Coupling Leading to Indoles

Authors

Abstract

A novel access to 2,3-disubstituted indoles from o-alkynyl aniline and iodoalkyne derivatives via a gold-catalyzed sequence under visible-light irradiation and in the absence of an exogenous photocatalyst was uncovered. A wide scope of the process was observed. Of note, 2-iodo-ynamides that have never been used in any organometallic cross-coupling reaction could be used as electrophiles. The resulting N-alkynyl indoles lend themselves to post-functionalization affording valuable scaffolds, notably benzo[a]carbazoles. Mechanistic studies converged on the fact that a potassium sulfonyl amide generates emissive aggregates in the reaction medium. Static quenching of these aggregates by a vinylgold(I) intermediate yields to an excited state of the latter, which can react with an electrophile via oxidative addition and reductive elimination to forge the key C-C bond. This reactant-induced photoactivation of an organogold intermediate opens rich perspectives in the field of cross-coupling reactions.

Version notes

I change the spelling of one co-author in the submission page: Professor Ludovic Jullein into Professor Ludovic Jullien. Thank you !

Content

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Supplementary material

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Reactant-Induced Photoactivation of a Gold-Catalyzed Csp2-Csp Cross-Coupling Leading to Indoles
Supporting Info File containing: General Informations - Mechanistic Investigations - Experimental details and analytical data - NMR spectra - X-ray data - References