Theoretical and Computational Chemistry

Group Contribution and Machine Learning Approaches to Predict Abraham Solute Parameters, Solvation Free Energy, and Solvation Enthalpy



We present a group contribution method (SoluteGC) and a machine learning model (SoluteML) to predict the Abraham solute parameters, as well as a machine learning model (DirectML) to predict solvation free energy and enthalpy at 298 K. The proposed group contribution method uses atom-centered functional groups with corrections for ring and polycyclic strain whilst the machine learning models adopt a directed message passing neural network. The solute parameters predicted from SoluteGC and SoluteML are used to calculate solvation energy and enthalpy via linear free energy relationships. Extensive data sets containing 8366 solute parameters, 20253 solvation free energies, and 6322 solvation enthalpies are compiled in this work to train the models. The three models are each evaluated on the same test sets using both random and substructure-based solute splits for solvation energy and enthalpy predictions. The results show that the DirectML model is superior to the SoluteML and SoluteGC models for both predictions and can provide accuracy comparable to that of advanced quantum chemistry methods. Yet, even though the DirectML model performs better in general, all three models are useful for various purposes. Uncertain predicted values can be identified by comparing the 3 models, and when the 3 models are combined together, they can provide even more accurate predictions than any one of them individually. Finally, we present our compiled solute parameter, solvation energy, and solvation enthalpy databases (SoluteDB, dGsolvDBx, dHsolvDB) and provide public access to our final prediction models through a simple web-based tool, software package, and source code.


Thumbnail image of main_manuscript.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of Supporting_Information.pdf
Supporting Information
Includes additional information, tables, and figures relevant to the work.

Supplementary weblinks

Web-based search tool
A web-based search tool to access our final prediction models.
Conda software package for SoluteML and DirectML
A link to the conda software package for our final SoluteML and DirectML prediction models. The download instruction can be found in the link.
RMG git repository for SoluteGC
The final SoluteGC model can be accessed by installing the source code from RMG-Py and RMG-database git repositories.