Catalysis

Understanding the Crucial Significance of the Temperature and Potential Window on the Stability of Carbon Supported Pt-alloy Nanoparticles as Oxygen Reduction Reaction Electrocatalysts

Authors

Abstract

The present research provides a comprehensive study of carbon-supported intermetallic Pt-alloy electrocatalysts and assesses their stability against metal dissolution in relation to the operating temperature and the potential window using two advanced electrochemical methodologies: (i) the in-house designed high-temperature disk electrode (HT-DE) methodology as well as (ii) a modification of the electrochemical flow cell coupled to an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (EFC-ICP-MS), allowing for highly sensitive time- and potential-resolved measurements of metal dissolution. The findings contradict the generally accepted hypothesis that in contrast to the rate of carbon corrosion, which follows the Arrhenius law and increases exponentially with temperature, the kinetics of Pt and subsequently the less noble metal dissolution are supposed to be for the most part unaffected by temperature. On the contrary, clear evidence is presented that in addition to the importance of the voltage/potential window, the temperature is one of the most critical parameters governing the stability of Pt and thus, in the case of Pt-alloy electrocatalysts also the ability of the nanoparticles (NPs) to retain the less noble metal. Lastly, but also very importantly, results indicate that the rate of Pt redeposition significantly increases with temperature, which has been the main reason why mechanistic interpretation of the temperature-dependent kinetics related to the stability of Pt remained highly speculative until now.

Content

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Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of SI_The importance of temperature and potential window_Dukic & Moriau_final pre-print.pdf
Understanding the Crucial Significance of the Temperature and Potential Window on the Stability of Carbon Supported Pt-alloy Nanoparticles as Oxygen Reduction Reaction Electrocatalysts
SI contains additional information about the used characterization setups, additional TEM imaging as well as additional electrochemical characterization.