We demonstrate the unprecedented ability to induce hypergolic behavior, i.e. rapid and spontaneous ignition upon contact with an oxidizer, in non-hypergolic metal fuels by blending them with hypergolic metal-organic frameworks (HMOFs). Using magnesium, aluminum or zinc metal as the fuel, we demonstrate materials with ignition delays (IDs) below 50 ms, and calculated specific impulse (Isp) in the 220-250 s range. These parameters are comparable to those of toxic and carcinogenic hydrazine-based hypergols conventionally used in aerospace technologies, suggesting a route to develop cleaner, safer propulsion systems.
Metal-organic frameworks induce hypergolic ignition of bulk metals