A series of heterocyclic hypervalent (HV) iodine(III) compounds containing fused tetrazole and benziodazole rings, i.e., derivatives of benziodazolotetrazole (BIAT) with various ligands attached to the iodine atom were prepared and studied. BIAT-Cl was synthesized via chlorination of 5-(2-iodophenyl)-1H-tetrazole and subsequent spontaneous cyclo-dehydrochlorination of the initially formed dichloroiodo compound. The oxidation of the aforementioned parent monovalent iodine substrate with NaIO4 yielded BIAT-OH, which was in turn reacted with acetic anhydride to afford the I-acetoxy derivative BIAT-OAc. BIAT-OMe was obtained by refluxing the latter compound or by dissolving (2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl)(hydroxy)iodonium tosylate in methanol. All heterocyclic HV iodine(III) compounds were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, ESI-HRMS, and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The reaction of alkenes with BIAT-Cl in the presence of Cu(OTf)2 at room temperature afforded chloro-tetrazolylated products in 70-88% isolated yields. The oxidation of thioanisole with BIAT-Cl under various reaction conditions is also reported. The thermal stabilities of all BIAT derivatives were examined as well. The enthalpies of exothermic degradation were measured by thermal gravimetric analysis coupled with differential scanning calorimetry and were determined to be in the range between −35.3 and −305.3 kJ mol-1, i.e., significantly larger than the enthalpy of decomposition (−29.4 kJ mol-1) of the parent monovalent iodine-containing tetrazole – 5-(2-iodophenyl)-1H-tetrazole.
Thermal analysis section - enthalpies of decomposition, and synthetic procedures have been updated.
Heterocyclic HVI(III) Compounds with Fused Benziodazole and Tetrazole Rings -SI-ChemRxiv v. 2
BIAT-Cl (3 mg) themal decomposition
BIAT-Cl (3 mg) rxn with Bu3P and DMSO