Diindolocarbazole – Achieving Multiresonant Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Without The Need for Acceptor Units



In this work we present a new multi-resonance thermally activated delayed fluorescence (MR-TADF) emitter paradigm, demonstrating that the structure need not require the presence of acceptor atoms. Based on an in-silico design, the compound DiICzMes4 possesses a red-shifted emission, enhanced photoluminescence quantum yield, and smaller ΔEST than the parent indolocarbazole that induces MR-TADF properties. Coupled cluster calculations accurately predict the magnitude of the singlet-triplet energy gap, ΔEST, when the optimized singlet and triplet geometries are used. Slow yet optically detectable reverse intersystem crossing contributes to low efficiency in organic light-emitting diodes using DiICzMes4 as then emitter. However, when used as a terminal emitter in combination with a TADF assistant dopant within a hyperfluorescence device architecture, maximum external quantum efficiencies of up to 16.9% were achieved at CIE (0.15,0.11). This represents one of the bluest hyperfluorescent devices reported to date. Simultaneously, recognising that MR-TADF emitters do not require acceptor atoms reveals an unexplored frontier in materials design, where yet greater performance may yet be discovered.


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