Detergent-free functionalisation of hybrid vesicles with membrane proteins using SMALPs

24 August 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Hybrid vesicles (HVs) that consist of mixtures of block copolymers and lipids are robust biomimetics of liposomes, providing a valuable building block in bionanotechnology, catalysis and synthetic biology. However, functionalisation of HVs remains laborious and expensive, creating a significant current challenge in the field. Here, using a new approach of extraction with styrene-maleic acid lipid particles (SMALPs), we show that a membrane protein (cytochrome bo3) directly transfers into HVs with an efficiency of 73.9 ± 13.5% and without the requirement of any detergent, long incubation times or mechanical disruption. Interestingly, direct transfer of membrane proteins using this approach was not possible into liposomes. This suggests that the HVs are more amenable than liposomes to membrane protein incorporation from a SMALP system. Finally, we show that this transfer method is not limited to cytochrome bo3 and can also be performed with complex membrane protein mixtures.


hybrid vesicles
membrane proteins
cytochrome bo3

Supplementary materials

Supporting information SMALPs-HVs ChemRxiv
Supporting Information for 'Detergent-free functionalisation of hybrid vesicles with membrane proteins using SMALPs'


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.