Hyperfluorescent organic light-emitting diodes combine two kinds of dopants to maximize device efficiency: one molecule exhibiting thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and another molecule with a high fluorescence rate and narrow emission spectrum. The postulated role of a TADF sensitizer is to enable up-conversion of triplet to singlet excitons through the reverse intersystem crossing mechanism, which is followed by a Förster energy transfer to the fluorescent emitter. However, a second mechanism based on the direct triplet-to-singlet exciton transfer between TADF molecules is a priori possible, but its role in hyperfluorescence has not been investigated. Here we employ first-principles electronic structure and kinetic Monte Carlo simulations to study the hyperfluorescence mechanism in four pairs of TADF/fluorescent emitters. We demonstrate how the triplet-to-singlet energy transfer mechanism is, in some cases, the main driver for the quantum efficiency boost observed in hyperfluorescent devices.
Supporting Information for Triplet-to-Singlet Exciton Transfer in Hyperfluorescent OLED materials