Tuning the Interfacial Stoichiometry of InP Core and InP/ZnSe Core/Shell Quantum Dots

05 August 2021, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


We demonstrate fine-tuning of the atomic composition of InP/ZnSe QDs at the core/shell interface. Specifically, we control the stoichiometry of both anions (P, As, S, and Se) and cations (In, Zn) at the InP/ZnSe core/shell interface and correlate these changes with the resultant steady-state and time-resolved optical properties of the nanocrystals. The use of reactive trimethylsilyl reagents results in surface-limited reactions that shift the nanocrystal stoichiometry to anion-rich and improve epitaxial growth of the shell layer. In general, anion deposition on the InP QD surface results in a redshift in the absorption, quenching of the excitonic photoluminescence, and a relative increase in the intensity of the broad trap-based photoluminescence, consistent with delocalization of the exciton wavefunction and relaxation of exciton confinement. Time-resolved photoluminescence data for the resulting InP/ZnSe QDs show an overall small change in the decay dynamics on the ns timescale, suggesting the relatively low photoluminescence quantum yields may be attributed to the creation of new thermally activated charge trap states and likely a dark population that is inseparable from the emissive QDs. Cluster-model density functional theory calculations show that the presence of core/shell interface anions give rise to electronic defects contributing to the redshift in the absorption. These results highlight a general strategy to atomistically tune the interfacial stoichiometry of InP QDs using surface-limited reaction chemistry allowing for precise correlations with electronic structure and photophysical processes.


quantum dot
indium phosphide

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information for Tuning the Interfacial Stoichiometry of InP Core and InP/ZnSe Core/Shell Quantum Dots
Additional data and experimental details for Tuning the Interfacial Stoichiometry of InP Core and InP/ZnSe Core/Shell Quantum Dots.


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