Inorganic Chemistry

Phosphine-catalysed reductive coupling of Dihalophosphanes



Classically, tetraorgano diphosphanes have been synthesized through Wurtz-type reductive coupling of halophosphanes R2PX or more recently, through the dehydrocoupling of phosphines R2PH. Catalytic variants of the dehydrocoupling reaction have been reported but are limited to R2PH compounds. Using PEt3 as a catalyst, we now show that TipPBr2 (Tip = 2,4,6-iPr3C6H2) is selectively coupled to give the dibromodiphosphane (TipPBr)2 (1), a compound not accessible using classic Mg reduction. Surprisingly, when using DipPBr2 (Dip = 2,6-iPr3C6H3) in the PEt3-catalysed reductive coupling the diphosphene (PDip)2 (2) with a P=P double was formed selectively. In benzene solutions (PDip)2 has a half life-time of ca. 28 days and can be utilized with NHCs to access NHC-phosphinidene adducts. Control experiments show that [BrPEt3]Br is a potential oxidation product in the catalytic cycle, which can be then debrominated by using Zn dust as sacrificial reductant.


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Supplementary material

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Electronic Supporting Information
Electronic Supplementary Information (ESI) available: Synthesis and characterization of compounds, NMR and IR spectra, crystallographic, and computational details.