The metal sites of MIL-100(Fe), MIL-100(Fe,Al) and MIL-100(Al) MOFs were decorated with ethylenediamine (EN). Interestingly, the Al-containing MOFs presented hierachized porosity, and their structural integrity was maintained upon functionalization. Solution and solid-state NMR confirmed the grafting efficiency in the case of MIL-100(Al) and the presence of a free amine group. It was shown that MIL-100(Al) can be functionalized by only one EN molecule by trimeric Al3O cluster unit, whereas the two other aluminium sites are occupied by an hydroxyl and a water molecule. The -NH2 sites of the grafted ethylenediamine can be used for further post-functionalization through amine chemistry and is responsible for basicity of the functionalized material. Furthermore, the presence of coordinated water molecules on the Al-MOF is responsible for simultaneous Brønsted acidity and for a unique carbon dioxide sorption mecanism, that distinguishes this material from its iron and chromium counterparts.
Supporting Information for Functionalization of mono- and bimetallic MIL-100(Al,Fe) MOFs by ethylenediamine: post-functionalization, Brønsted acido-basicity and unique CO2 sorption behaviour