A Systematic Study to Unravel the Potential of using Polysaccharides based Organic Nanoparticles Versus Hybrid Nanoparticles for Pesticide Delivery

06 July 2021, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


To daze conventional pesticide release limitations, nanotechnology-mediated pesticide delivery using natural polymers has been actively investigated. However, the lack of information on what are the beneficial/non-beneficial aspects of using hybrid- and organic- nanoparticles (NP) and among the polysaccharides which are better suited concerning pesticide loading efficiency (PLE wt%), entrapment efficiency (E.E %), and sustained-pesticide-release (SPR %) has prompted us to investigate this study. In this report, we systematically investigated a series of polysaccharides such as starch (S), cellulose (C), aminocellulose (AC), and sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC) coated on magnetite NP (MNP, Fe3O4) and complete organic nanocarrier systems (starch and cellulose) that have no MNP part were compared for the PLE wt% and SPR % efficiencies for chlorpyrifos (ChP) insecticide. Overall, all nanocarriers (NCs) have shown good to excellent PLE wt% due to the smaller-sized NP obtained through optimal conditions. However, among the hybrid polysaccharides studied, starch MNP (S-MNP) has shown a maximum PLE of 111 wt% in comparison with other polysaccharides (80 – 94 wt%) coated hybrid-NCs as well as with organic-NCs (81 – 87 wt%). The use of inorganic support does improve the PLE wt% markedly for starch but not for cellulose derivatives. Similarly, the SPR results of S-NP showed a remarkably better sustained-release profile for ChP of 88 % in 14 days. In contrast, other unfunctionalized and functionalized celluloses exhibited poor release profiles of 60 – 20 % for the same period. This study may help the researchers choose the right system for designing and achieving enhanced pesticide efficiency.


iron oxide nanoparticles
controlled release

Supplementary materials

Supplementary Information
The Supporting Information (SI) is available free of charge. Elemental composition study by TEM–EDX, AFM, SEM, and pH measurements data, calculations details of PLE wt% and E.E% estimation, and a comparison table with literature NC system.


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