Cytochrome P450 peroxygenases use hydrogen peroxide to hydroxylate long-chain fatty acids by bypassing the use of O 2 and a redox partner. Among the peroxygenases, P450 OleT uniquely performs decarboxylation of fatty acids and production of terminal olefins. This root taken by P450 OleT is intriguing, and its importance is augmented by the practical importance of olefin production. As such, this mechanistic choice merits elucidation. To address this puzzle we use hybrid QM/MM calculations and MD simulations for the OleT enzyme as well as for the structurally analogous enzyme, P450 BSβ . The study of P450 OleT reveals that the protonated His85 in the wild-type P450 OleT , plays a crucial role in steering decarboxylation activity by stabilizing the corresponding hydroxoiron(IV) intermediate (Cpd II). In contrast, for P450 BSβ in which Q85 replaces H85, the respective Cpd II species is unstable and it reacts readily with the substrate radical by rebound, producing hydroxylation products. As we show, this single-site difference creates in P450 OleT a local electric field (LEF), which is significantly higher than that in P450 BSβ . In turn, these LEF differences are responsible for the different stabilities of the respective Cpd II/radical intermediates, and hence for different functions of the two enzymes. P450 BSβ uses the common rebound mechanism and leads to hydroxylation, whereas P450 OleT proceeds via decarboxylation and generates terminal olefins. Olefin production projects the power of a single residue to alter the LEF and the enzyme’s function!
Local Electric Fields Dictate Function: The Different Product Selectivity Observed for Fatty Acids Oxidation by Two Deceptively Very Similar P450- Peroxygenases OleT and BS
It contains the coordinates for the QM region for different reactive species, charge and spin densities.
MD movies showing the water channels