Minimally invasive core needle biopsies for medical diagnoses have become increasingly common for many diseases. Although tissue cores can yield more diagnostic information than fine needle biopsies and cytologic evaluation, there is no rapid evaluation at the point-of-care for intact tissue cores that is low-cost and non-destructive to the biopsy. We have developed a proof-of-concept 3D printed millifluidic histopathology lab-on-a-chip device to automatically handle, process, and image fresh core needle biopsies. This device, named CoreView, includes modules for biopsy removal from the acquisition tool, transport, staining and rinsing, imaging, segmentation, and multiplexed storage. Reliable removal from side-cutting needles and bidirectional fluid transport of core needle biopsies from five tissue types has been demonstrated with 0.5-mm positioning accuracy. Automation is aided by a MATLAB-based biopsy tracking algorithm that can detect the location of tissue and air bubbles in the channels of the millifluidic chip. With current and emerging optical imaging technologies, CoreView can be used for a rapid adequacy test at the point-of-care for tissue identification and glomeruli counting from renal core needle biopsies, and has the potential to be used for breast cancer diagnosis, phenotyping, and mapping of enriched tumorous regions for downstream analyses in global health applications.
Final version for journal submission. No revisions have been made.