Materials Science

Concentration and Composition Dependent Aggregation of Pluronic- and Poly-(2-Oxazolin)-Efavirenz Formulations in Biorelevant Media

Abstract

Interactions of intestinal fluids with polymer excipients, drugs and their formulations are not fully understood. Here, diffusion ordered spectroscopy (DOSY) and nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY), complemented by cryo-TEM were employed to address this. Efavirenz as model drug, the triblock copolymers Pluronic F-127 (PF127) and poly(2-oxazolin) based pMeOx-b-pPrOzi-b-pMeOx (pOx/pOzi) and their respective formulations were studied in simulated fed-state intestinal fluid (FeSSIF). For the individual polymers, the bile interfering nature of PF127 was confirmed and pure pOx/pOzi was newly classified as non-interfering. A different and more complex behaviour was observed if EFV was involved. The formulations showed multi-facetted concentration and composition dependent aggregation. This demonstrates that separate evaluation of polymers or drugs in biorelevant media is not sufficient and their mixtures need to be carefully studied.

Version notes

Intital manuscript version.

Content

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Supplementary material

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FeSSIF EFV SI