Chemical Tuning of NaSICON Surfaces for Fast-Charging Na Metal Solid-State Batteries

10 May 2021, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Solid-state batteries (SSBs) with alkali metal anodes hold great promise as energetically dense and safe alternatives to conventional Li-ion cells. Whilst, in principle, SSBs have the additional advantage of offering virtually unlimited plating current densities, fast charges have so far only been achieved through sophisticated interface engineering strategies. Here, we reveal that such interface engineering can be easily achieved by tuning the chemistry of NaSICON solid electrolytes (Na3.4Zr2Si2.4P0.6O12) and taking advantage of the thermodynamic stabilization of a Na3PO4 layer on their surface upon thermal activation. The optimized planar Na|NZSP interfaces are characterized by their exceptionally low interface resistances (down to 0.1 Ω cm2 at room temperature) and, more importantly, by their tolerance to large plating current densities (up to 10 mA cm-2) even for extended cycling periods of 30 minutes (corresponding to an areal capacity 5 mAh cm-2).


solid-state battery
Nasicon electrolytes
Na metal anodes
Interfacial resistance
Fast charging

Supplementary materials

Supplementary information -Chemical tuning of NaSICON surfaces


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.