De Novo Design with Deep Generative Models Based on 3D Similarity Scoring

12 May 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


We have demonstrated the utility of a 3D shape and pharmacophore similarity scoring component in molecular design with a deep generative model trained with reinforcement learning. Using Dopamine receptor type 2 (DRD2) as an example and its antagonist haloperidol 1 as a starting point in a ligand based design context, we have shown in a retrospective study that a 3D similarity enabled generative model can discover new leads in the absence of any other information. It can be efficiently used for scaffold hopping and generation of novel series. 3D similarity based models were compared against 2D QSAR based, indicating a significant degree of orthogonality of the generated outputs and with the former having a more diverse output. In addition, when the two scoring components are combined together for training of the generative model, it results in more efficient exploration of desirable chemical space compared to the individual components.


Deep Learning Applications
generative models
Reinforcement Learning
QSAR Modeling
3D similarity


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