Multichromophore Molecular Design for Efficient Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Emitters with Near-Unity Photoluminescence Quantum Yields

11 May 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Three multichromophore thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) molecules, p-di2CzPN, m-di2CzPN, and 1,3,5-tri2CzPN, were synthesized and characterized. These molecules were designed by connecting the TADF moiety 4,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phthalonitrile (2CzPN) to different positions of a central benzene ring scaffold. Three highly soluble emitters all exhibited near quantitative photoluminescence quantum yields (PL) in toluene. High PLs were also achieved in doped films, 59% and 70% for p-di2CzPN and m-di2CzPN in 10 wt% DPEPO doped films, respectively, and 54% for 1,3,5-tri2CzPN in 20 wt% doped CBP film. The rate constant of reverse intersystem crossing (kRISC) for p-di2CzPN and m-di2CzPN in DPEPO films reached 1.1 × 105 s−1 and 0.7 × 105 s−1, respectively, and kRISC for 1,3,5-tri2CzPN in CBP film reached 1.7 × 105 s−1. A solution-processed organic light-emitting diode based on 1,3,5-tri2CzPN exhibited a sky-blue emission with CIE coordinate of (0.22, 0.44), and achieved a maximum external quantum efficiency of 7.1%.


Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence (TADF)
Organic Light-Emitting Diode
multichromophore system

Supplementary materials

Multichoromophore ESI ver 12


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