Given the complexity of separating nanoplastics from environmental samples, studies have usually been conducted using synthetic polystyrene nanobeads. By mechanical fragmentation in cryogenic conditions of daily-life plastic items, we produced “true-to-life” nanoplastics (T2LNPs), that promises to give a true insight into the interaction with biological systems. T2LNPs have been fully characterized by Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy and by Atomic Force Microscopy. They result in populations of spheroidal nanoparticles with a broad multimodal size distribution. The mandatory need for a representative sample to evaluate the potential effects of nanoparticles on human health and the environment is demonstrated by the different protein corona identified on T2LNPs and synthetic polystyrene nanobeads upon incubation with human plasma.
TrueToLifeNanoplastics SI ChemRxiv