Energy

High Energy Density Single Crystal NMC/Li6PS5Cl Cathodes for All-Solid-State Lithium Metal Batteries

Abstract

To match the high capacity of metallic anodes, all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) re- quire high energy density, long-lasting composite cathodes such as Ni-Mn-Co (NMC)- based lithium oxides mixed with a solid-state electrolyte (SSE). However in practice, cathode capacity typically fades due to NMC cracking and increasing NMC/SSE in- terface debonding because of NMC pulverization, which is only partially mitigated by the application of a high cell pressure during cycling. Using smart processing proto- cols we report a single crystal particulate LiNi0.83Mn0.06Co0.11O2 and Li6PS5Cl SSE composite cathode with outstanding discharge capacity of 210 mAh g−1 at 30 °C. A first cycle coulombic efficiency of >85%, and >99% thereafter, was achieved despite a 5.5% volume change during cycling. A near-practical discharge capacity at a high areal capacity of 8.7 mAh cm−2 was obtained using a novel asymmetric anode/cathode cycling pressure of only 2.5 MPa/0.2 MPa.

Content

Thumbnail image of High Energy Density Single Crystal NMC-Li6PS5Cl Cathodes for All-Solid-State Lithium Metal Batteries.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of High Energy Density Single Crystal NMC-Li6PS5Cl Cathodes for All-Solid-State Lithium Metal Batteries_Supporting Information.pdf
High Energy Density Single Crystal NMC-Li6PS5Cl Cathodes for All-Solid-State Lithium Metal Batteries Supporting Information