An Isolable Mononuclear Palladium(I) Amido Complex

19 April 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Mononuclear Pd(I) species are putative intermediates in Pd-catalyzed reactions, but our knowledge about them is limited due to difficulties in accessing them. Herein, we report the isolation of a Pd(I) amido complex, [(BINAP)Pd(NHArTrip )] (BINAP = 2,2′- bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1′-binaphthalene, ArTrip = 2,6-bis(2’,4’,6’-triisopropylphenyl)phenyl), from the reaction of (BINAP)PdCl2 with LiNHArTrip. This Pd(I) amido species has been characterized by X-ray crystallography, electron paramagnetic resonance, and multi-edge Pd Xray absorption spectroscopy. Theoretical study revealed that, while the 3-electron-2-center π interaction between Pd and N in the Pd(I) complex imposes severe Pauli repulsion in its Pd–N bond, pronounced attractive inter-ligand dispersion force aids its stabilization. In accord with its electronic features, reactions of homolytic Pd–N bond cleavage and deprotonation of primary amines are observed on the Pd(I) amido complex.


metal complex


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