Physical Chemistry

Boosting Dissolution-Dynamic Nuclear Polarization by Multiple-Step Dipolar Order Mediated 1H->13C Cross-Polarization


Dissolution-dynamic nuclear polarization can be boosted by employing multiplecontact cross-polarization techniques to transfer polarization from 1H to 13C spins. The method is efficient and significantly reduces polarization build-up times, however, it involves high-power radiofrequency pulses in a superfluid helium environment which limit its implementation and applicability and prevent a significant scaling-up of the sample size.

We propose to overcome this limitation by a stepwise transfer of polarization using a lowenergy and low-peak power radiofrequency pulse sequence where the 1H®13C polarization transfer is mediated by a dipolar spin order reservoir. An experimental demonstration is presented for [1-13C]sodium acetate. A solid-state 13C polarization of ~43.5% was achieved using this method with a build-up time constant of ~5.1 minutes, leading to a ~28.5% 13C polarization in the liquidstate after sample dissolution. The low-power multiple-step polarization transfer efficiency with respect to the most advanced and highest-power multiple-contact cross-polarization approach was found to be ~0.69.


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