Kernel Methods for Predicting Yields of Chemical Reactions

01 April 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The use of machine learning methods for the prediction of reaction yield is an emerging area. We demonstrate the applicability of support vector regression (SVR) for predicting reaction yields, using combinatorial data. Molecular descriptors used in regression tasks related to chemical reac?tivity have often been based on time-consuming, computationally demanding quantum chemical calculations, usually density functional theory. Structure-based descriptors (molecular fingerprints and molecular graphs) are quicker and easier to calculate, and are applicable to any molecule. In this study, SVR models built on structure-based descriptors were compared to models built on quantum chemical descriptors. The models were evaluated along the dimension of each reaction component in a set of Buchwald-Hartwig amination reactions. The structure-based SVR models out-performed the quantum chemical SVR models, along the dimension of each reaction compo?nent. The applicability of the models was assessed with respect to similarity to training. Prospec?tive predictions of unseen Buchwald-Hartwig reactions are presented for synthetic assessment, to validate the generalisability of the models, with particular interest along the aryl halide dimension.


Support vector regression
Molecular Graph Descriptors
Molecular Fingerprints
reaction yield prediction

Supplementary materials

KernelMethodsForPredictingYields SI

Supplementary weblinks


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