Superconcentrated Electrolytes Widens Insertion Electrochemistry to Soluble Layered Halides

25 March 2021, Version 1


Insertion compounds provide the fundamental basis of today’s commercialized Li-ion batteries. Throughout history, intense research has focus on the design of stellar electrodes mainly relying on layered oxides or sulfides, and leaving aside the corresponding halides because of solubility issues. This is no longer true. In this work, we show for the first time the feasibility to reversibly intercalate electrochemically Li+ into VX3 compounds (X = Cl, Br, I) via the use of superconcentrated electrolytes, (5 M LiFSI in dimethyl carbonate), hence opening access to a novel family of LixVX3 phases. Moreover, through an electrolyte engineering approach we unambiguously prove that the positive attribute of superconcentrated electrolytes against solubility of inorganic compounds is rooted in a thermodynamic rather than a kinetic effect. The mechanism and corresponding impact of our findings enrich the fundamental understanding of superconcentrated electrolytes and constitute a crucial step in the design of novel insertion compounds with tunable properties for a wide range of applications beyond Li-ion batteries.


Layered halides
vanadium halides
superconcentrated electrolytes

Supplementary materials

SI VX3 final


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.