Electrochemical Nozaki–Hiyama–Kishi Coupling: Scope, Applications, and Mechanism


One of the most oft-employed methods for C–C bond formation involving the coupling of vinyl-halides with aldehydes catalyzed by Ni and Cr (Nozaki–Hiyama–Kishi, NHK) has been rendered more practical using an electroreductive manifold. Although early studies pointed to the feasibility of such a process those precedents were never applied by others due to cumbersome setups and limited scope. Here we show that a carefully optimized electroreductive procedure can enable a more sustainable approach to NHK, even in an asymmetric fashion on highly complex medicinally relevant systems. The e-NHK can even enable non-canonical substrate classes, such as redox-active esters, to participate with low loadings of Cr when conventional chemical techniques fail. A combination of detailed kinetics, cyclic voltammetry, and in situ UV-vis spectroelectrochemistry of these processes illuminates the subtle features of this mechanistically intricate process.

Version notes

version 1.0


Thumbnail image of e-NHK_TEXT Final_03192021.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of e-NHK_SI_Final YG03192021.pdf
e-NHK SI Final YG03192021