Osteopontin (OPN) Downregulatory Alkaloid (-)-Agelastatin A Prevents Muscle Damage in a Mouse Model of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

16 March 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


(-)-Agelastatin A (AA) in 1,2-propanediol (3-deoxy-DL-glycerol) elicits a dose-dependent decrease in OPN mRNA expression in canine Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) myoblasts at doses ranging from 0.01 nM-30 nM. When intraperitoneally administered in the same vehicle to mdx mice at 2.5 mg/kg/day for two weeks, and at 1.5 mg/kg/day twice-weekly for two weeks, (-)-AA brings about a significant decrease in exercise-induced muscle damage through its attenuation of OPN expression. Because (-)-AA is known to downregulate OPN, this study confirms that the use of small molecule OPN downregulatory drugs can beneficially modify the phenotype in DMD animal models and potentially affected boys


Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)
canine myoblasts


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