Group behavior in many bacteria relies on chemically induced communication called quorum sensing (QS), which plays important roles in regulation of colonization, biofilm formation, and virulence. In Gram-positive bacteria, QS is often mediated by cyclic ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs). In staphylococci for example, most of these so-called autoinducing peptides (AIPs) contain a conserved thiolactone functionality, which has been predicted to constitute a structural feature of AIPs from other species as well. Here, we show that pentameric AIPs from Lactobacillus plantarum, Clostridium perfringens, and Listeria monocytogenes that were previously presumed to be thiolactone-containing structures readily rearrange to become homodetic cyclopeptides. This finding has implications for the developing understanding of the cross-species communication of bacteria and may help guide the discovery of peptide ligands to perturb their function.
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Lmono S-N rearrangement SI