Gausemycins A,B – Cyclic Lipoglycopeptides from Streptomyces Sp.

22 February 2021, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


We report a novel family of natural lipoglycopeptides produced by Streptomyces sp. INA-Ac-5812. Two major components of the mixture, named gausemycins A and B, were isolated, and their structures were elucidated. The com-pounds are cyclic peptides with a unique peptide core and several remarkable structural features, including unusual posi-tions of D-amino acids, lack of the Ca2+-binding Asp-X-Asp-Gly (DXDG) motif, tyrosine glycosylation with arabinose, presence of 2-amino-4-hydroxy-4-phenylbutyric acid (Ahpb) and chlorinated kynurenine (ClKyn), N-acylation of the or-nithine side chain. These major components of the peptide antibiotic family have pronounced activity against Gram-positive bacteria. The mechanism of action of gausemycins was explored by a number of methods, showing significant differences compared to glycopeptides and related lipopeptides. Gausemycins exhibit only slight Ca2+-dependence of an-timicrobial activity and induce no pore formation at low concentrations. Moreover, there is no detectable accumulation of cell wall biosynthesis precursors under treatment with gausemycins.


structure elucidation workshop
antibacterial activity


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.