Inorganic Chemistry

Exploiting Host-Guest Chemistry to Manipulate Magnetic Interactions in Metallosupramolecular M4L6 Tetrahedral Cages


Reaction of Ni(OTf)2 with the bisbidentate quaterpyridine ligand L results in the self-assembly of a tetrahedral, paramagnetic cage [NiII4L6]8+. By selectively exchanging the bound triflate from [OTfÌNiII4L6](OTf)7 (1), we have been able to prepare a series of host-guest complexes that feature an encapsulated paramagnetic tetrahalometallate ion inside this paramagnetic host giving [MIIX4ÌNiII4L6](OTf)6, where MIIX42− = MnCl42− (2), CoCl42− (5), CoBr42− (6), NiCl42− (7), CuBr42− (8) or [MIIIX4ÌNiII4L6](OTf)7, where MIIIX4 = FeCl4 (3), FeBr4 (4). Triflate-to-tetrahalometallate exchange occurs in solution and can also be accomplished through single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformations. Host-guest complexes 1-8 all crystallise as homochiral racemates in monoclinic space groups, wherein the four {NiN6} vertex within a single Ni4L6 unit possess the same Δ or Λ stereochemistry. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetisation data show that the magnetic exchange between metal ions in the host [NiII4] complex, and between the host and the MX4n- guest, are of comparable magnitude and antiferromagnetic in nature. Theoretically derived values for the magnetic exchange are in close agreement with experiment, revealing that large spin densities on the electronegative X-atoms of particular {MX4}n− guest molecules leads to stronger host-guest magnetic exchange interactions.


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Supplementary material

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ChemRxiv SI