Physical Chemistry

Modelling Molecular Emitters in Organic Light Emitting Diodes with the Quantum Mechanical Bespoke Force Field

Authors

Abstract

Combined molecular dynamics (MD) and quantum mechanics (QM) simulation procedures have gained popularity in modelling the spectral properties of functional organic molecules. However, the potential energy surfaces used to propagate long-time scale dynamics in these simulations are typically described using general, transferable force fields designed for organic molecules in their electronic ground states. These force fields do not typically include spectroscopic data in their training, and importantly there is no general protocol for including changes in geometry or intermolecular interactions with the environment that may occur upon electronic excitation. In this work, we show that parameters tailored for thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters used in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), in both their ground and electronically excited states, can be readily derived from a small number of QM calculations using the QUBEKit (QUantum mechanical BEspoke toolKit) software, and improve the overall accuracy of these simulations.

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