Biological and Medicinal Chemistry

Synthesis of Carboxamides Tranylcypromine Analogues as LSD1 (KDM1A) Inhibitors for AML

Abstract

Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1/KDM1A) oxidatively removes methyl groups from histone proteins and its aberrant activity has been correlated with cancers including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We report a novel series of tranylcypromine analogues with a carboxamide at the 4-position of the aryl ring. These compounds, such as 5a and 5b, had potent submicromolar IC50 values for the inhibition of LSD1 as well as cell proliferation in a panel of AML cell lines. The dose-dependent increase in cellular expression levels of H3K4me2, CD86, CD11b and CD14 supported a mechanism involving LSD1 inhibition. The t-butyl and ethyl carbamate derivatives of these tranylcypromines, although inactive in LSD1 inhibition, were of similar potency in cell-based assays with a more rapid onset of action. This suggests carbamates can act as metabolically labile tranylcypromine prodrugs with superior pharmacokinetics.

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