Inorganic Chemistry

Design of Pure Heterodinuclear Lanthanoid Cryptate Complexes

Abstract

Heterolanthanide complexes are difficult to synthesize owing to the similar chemistry of the lanthanide ions. Conse-quently, very few purely heterolanthanide complexes have been synthesized. This is despite the fact that such complexes hold inter-esting optical and magnetic properties. To fine-tune these properties, it is important that one can choose complexes with any given combination of lanthanides. Herein we report a synthetic procedure which yields pure heterodinuclear lanthanide cryptates LnLn*LX3 (X = NO3- or OTf-) based on the cryptand H3L = N[(CH2)2N=CH-R-CH=N-(CH2)2]3N (R = m-C6H2OH-2-Me-5). In the synthesis the choice of counter ion and solvent prove crucial in controlling the Ln-Ln*composition. Choosing the optimal solvent and counter ion affords pure heterodinuclear complexes with any given combination of Gd(III)-Lu(III) including Y(III). To demon-strate the versatility of the synthesis all dinuclear combinations of Y(III), Gd(III), Yb(III) and Lu(III) were synthesized resulting in 10 novel complexes of the form LnLn*L(OTf)3 with LnLn* = YbGd 1, YbY 2, YbLu 3, YbYb 4, LuGd 5, LuY 6, LuLu 7, YGd 8, YY 9 and GdGd 10. Through the use of 1H, 13C NMR and mass spectrometry the heterodinuclear nature of YbGd, YbY, YbLu, LuGd, LuY and YGd was confirmed. Crystal structures of LnLn*L(NO3)3 reveal short Ln-Ln distances of ~3.5 Å. Using SQUID magnetometry the exchange coupling between the lanthanide ions was found to be anti-ferromagnetic for GdGd and YbYb while ferromagnetic for YbGd.

Content

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Supplementary material

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Supporting Information Design of Pure Heterodinuclear Lanthanoid Cryptate Complexes