Topology Effects in Molecular Organic Electronic Materials: Pyrene and Azupyrene

11 January 2021, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Pyrene derivatives play a prominent role in organic electronic devices, including field effect transistors, light emitting diodes, and solar cells. The flexibility in the desired properties has previously been achieved by variation of substituents at the periphery of the pyrene backbone. In contrast, the influence of the topology of the central pi-electron system on the relevant properties such as the band gap or the fluorescence behavior has not yet been addressed. In this work, pyrene is compared with its structural isomer azupyrene, which has a pi-electron system with nonalternant topology. Using photoelectron spectroscopy, near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, and other methods, it is shown that the electronic band gap of azupyrene is by 0.72 eV smaller than that of pyrene. The difference of the optical band gaps is even larger with 1.09 eV, as determined by ultraviolet–visible absorption spectroscopy. The nonalternant nature of azupyrene is also associated with a more localized charge distribution, as can be seen in 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance shifts, as well as the C1s core-level shifts. Further insight is provided by density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the molecular properties and ab initio coupled cluster calculations of the optical transitions. The concept of aromaticity is used to interpret DFT-based structures and for the theoretical assignment of the vibrational modes of the infrared spectra, where major topology-related differences are apparent.


Organic electronics
Topological design
Photoelectron spectroscopy
Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy
Density functional theory
Band gap

Supplementary materials

2021 01 10 Klein AzPyr MatC supporting final ChemRxiv


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