Theoretical and Computational Chemistry

A Novel Automated Screening Method For Combinatorial Small Molecules

Authors

Abstract

A main challenge in the enumeration small molecule chemical spaces for drug design is to quickly and accurately di?erentiate between possible and impossible molecules. Current approaches for screening enumerated molecules (e.g. 2D heuristics, 3D forcefields) have not been able to achieve a balance between accuracy and speed. We have developed a new automated approach for fast and high-quality screening of small molecules, with the following steps: 1) for each molecules in the set, compute an ensemble of 2D descriptors as feature encoding, 2) on a random small subset, generate classi?cation (feasible/infeasible) targets via a 3D-based approach, 3) form a classi?cation dataset with the computed features and targets, and train a machine learning model for predicting the 3D approach's decisions, 4) use the trained model to screen the remainder of the enumerated set. Our approach is ? 8? (7.96? to 8.84?) faster than screening via 3D simulations without signi?cantly sacri?cing accuracy; whilst compared to 2D-based pruning rules, this approach is more accurate, with better coverage of known feasible molecules. Once the topological features and 3D conformer evaluation methods are established, the process can be fully automated, without any additional chemistry expertise.

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Initial submission, prior to review

Content

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