First-Principles Calculations of Point Defect Formation and Anion Diffusion Mechanisms in the Oxyhydride Ba2ScHO3

16 December 2020, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Hydride ion conductors are expected to be a new solid electrolyte for electrochemical devices utilizing hydrogen. La2-x-ySrx+yLiH1-x+yO3-y oxyhydride with a layered perovskite (K2NiF4-type) structure was discovered as a hydride ion conductor, and it was subsequently reported that Ba2ScHO3 with the same crystal structure is also a hydride ion conductor. The two compounds have different anionic sites occupied by hydride ions. In La2-x-ySrx+yLiH1-x+yO3-y, the hydride ions occupy equatorial anion sites, while the hydride ions are located at apical anion sites in Ba2ScHO3. This suggests that hydride ions diffuse through rock-salt layers in Ba2ScHO3. However, the specific diffusion mechanism resulting in ionic conductivity of Ba2ScHO3 has not been clarified yet. In the present study, the point defect
formation energies and anionic conduction mechanisms of Ba2ScHO3 were systematically analyzed using first-principles calculations. As a result, hydride ionic defects tend to form preferentially in Ba2ScHO3 rather than oxide ions. The migration energies of vacancy, interstitial and interstitialcy mechanisms were evaluated, and the activation energies of hydride ionic diffusion mediated by the vacancy and the interstitialcy processes was found to be the lowest.


First Principles Calculations
Mixed Anion
Hydride Ion
Solid State Ionics
Point Defect

Supplementary materials

Ba2ScHO3 DFT 20201215 SI


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