Organic Chemistry

Visible-Light Induced Singlet Nucleophilic Carbenes: Rapid and Mild Access to Fluorinated Tertiary Alcohol Derivatives



Singlet nucleophilic carbenes (SNCs) that contain only one heteroatom donor remain underexplored and underutilized in chemical synthesis. To discover new synthetic strategies that harness these SNCs as reactive intermediates, aromatic or aliphatic siloxy carbenes represent excellent model substrates as they can be readily generated photochemically from stable acyl silane precursors. We herein report the discovery that photochemically generated siloxy carbenes undergo 1,2-carbonyl addition to trifluoromethyl ketones, followed by a silyl transfer process to afford benzoin-type products. This new transformation is a rare example of the use of ketones as trapping reagents for SNC intermediates and delivers an efficient, user-friendly and scalable process to access fluorinated tertiary alcohol derivatives driven by only light, circumventing the use of catalysts or additives.

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version one


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Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of Visible Light Induced SNCs - Supporting Information.pdf
Visible Light Induced SNCs - Supporting Information