Pentose and hexose sugars are abundant constituents of waste biomass, making them sustainable, chiral building blocks for organic synthesis. The demand for chiral saturated heterocyclic rings from the pharmaceutical industry is increasing as they provide well-defined three-dimensional frameworks that show increased metabolic resistance. Through the formation of thioacetals, sugars may be manipulated in their straight-chain form and dehydrated selectively under basic conditions at C-2. This approach was applied to an array of sugars and extended to the production of useful chiral THFs via further selective dehydration reactions.
Version 1 with experimental SI