Vladimir Korshun Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry
Nonribosomal cyclopeptide cyclosporin A (CsA), produced by fungus Tolypocladium inflatum, is an extremely important immunosuppressive drug used in organ transplantations and for therapy of autoimmune diseases. Here we report for the first time production of CsA, along with related cyclosporins B and C, by Tolypocladium inflatum strains of marine origin (White Sea). Cyclosporins A–C contain an unusual amino acid, (4R)-4-((E)-2-butenyl)-4,N-dimethyl-l-threonine (MeBmt), and are prone to isomerization to non-active isocyclosporine by N→O acyl shift of valine connected to MeBmt in acidic conditions. CsA and isoCsA are not distinguishable in MS analysis of [M+H]+ ions due to the rapid [CsA+H]+→[isoCsA+H]+ conversion. We found that the N→O acyl shift is completely suppressed in cyclosporine [M+2H]2+ ions, and their MS/MS fragmentation can be used for rapid and unambiguous analysis of cyclosporins and isocylosporins. The fragmentation patterns of [CyA+2H]2+ and [isoCyA+2H]2+ ions were analyzed and explained. The developed approach could be useful for MS analysis of other peptides containing β-hydroxy-α-amino acids.
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